Polybius divides the punishments inflicted by a commander on one or more troops into punishments for military crimes, and punishments for "unmanly acts", although there seems to be little difference in the harsh nature of the punishment between the two classes.
"The punishment of cudgeling" was a severe form of military discipline in which a soldier was cudgeled to death.
A dishonourable discharge and forfeiture of all pay and allowances if convicted.
Reduction in rank (Latin gradus deiectio meaning position degradation).
Reduction of rations or to be forced to eat barley instead of the usual grain ration.
Flagellation or flagellum
Act of beating the human body with special implements – a much more brutal punishment than simple flogging.
Punishment of large groups guilty of capital offences, such as cowardice, mutiny, desertion, and insubordination.
the punishment would most probably be being placed in a sack of snakes and thrown into a nearby river or lake.
Reduction in pay, fines or deductions from the pay allowance.